info@fuwjss.com
Federal University Wukari, Taraba State, Nigeria

Indigenous Cultural Diplomacy for Conflict Resolution in Abia State, Nigeria

Samuel Musa Gana

Keywords: Cultural diplomacy, sustainable development, conflict resolution, insecurity

Abstract 

This paper analyzes the impact of utilizing indigenous cultural diplomacy as a tool for conflict resolution in Abia State, Nigeria. In recent times, there have been devastating conflicts in south-east Nigeria, including Abia State, where there is heighten insecurity. This paper therefore examines how indigenous cultural diplomacy is appropriated as an active change agent and neutralizer that proffer adequate solutions in conflictual contexts. The paper reviewed secondary data sources. The findings of the paper established that the essence of dispute settlement and conflict resolution in traditional Abia societies includes the removal of the root-cause of the conflict, reconciliation of the conflicting parties, preserving and ensuring harmony, and bringing about a win-win situation to the conflicting parties. The paper concludes that indigenous conflict resolution systems in Abia State are process-oriented, victim-centred and they apply persuasive and reintegrative principles in adjudicating disputes. The paper therefore recommends that conflict resolution strategies for sustainable development in Nigeria should always seek to get into the root causes of conflicts.

Author Biography 

Samuel Musa Gana

Institute for Peace and Conflict Resolution

Plot 496 Abogo Largema Str., Central Business District,

Federal Capital Territory, Abuja- Nigeria

musasara81@gmail.com

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A Sociological Analysis of Domestic Violence and Socio-Economic Development in Kogi State, Nigeria

Dangana-Onuche Gloria Ojonoka, Leke Jefrey Orseer

Keywords: Domestic violence, gender, women, income, social inequailities

Abstract 

In Africa, women do experience various forms of social injustices and domestic violence appears dominant. Regrettably, the menance of domestic violence against women in Nigeria had not been given much attention. Thus, this study provides a sociological explanation to the relationship between domestic violence and socio-economic development in Kogi State, Nigeria. This study involves primary data wherein a sample of 418 married men and women were randomly selected as respondents who responded to a structured questionnaire; and 20 persons were interviewed. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Findings of the study showed that majority (92.8%) of respondents have in one way or the other experienced one form of domestic violence. Again, about (70.2%) of the respondents indicated that belief in patriarchy, lack of finance, influence of childhood abuse, forced sex and hot temper contribute greatly to the incidence of domestic violence against women in Kogi State, Nigeria. Consequently, the impacts of domestic violence on women’s socio-economic development in Kogi State manifest in decreased productivity, loss of source of income, and poor physical and mental status. The study concludes that the lack of effective gender policies and corruption on the parts of law enforcement officers in Kogi State form the basis for persistent domestic violence in Kogi State. Thus, the study recommends that more efforts should be made by the Kogi State Government and non-governmental organizations in the state to strengthen laws and protection against domestic violence in the Kogi State.

Author Biography 

Dangana-Onuche Gloria Ojonoka

Sociology Department,

Prince Abubakar Audu University, Anyigba, Nigeria.

Dangana.og@ksu.edu.ng

Leke Jefrey Orseer

Sociology Department,

Federal University of Kashere, Gombe State

jeffphem@gmail.com

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Proliferation of Unauthorized Weapons and State Failure in Nigeria

ANAHUM Uriah Pheeyamila, AGBOR Anthony Odo, EMMANUEL Jikini

Keywords: Insecurity, unauthorized weapon, banditry, patrortism, terrorism

Abstract 

This study seeks to explain the proliferation of unauthorized weapons and state failure in Nigeria. In recent years, there have been the unprecedented flows of unauthorized weapons into Nigeria and this arguably has given rise to grave security concerns in the country. Through a systematic review of literature involving journal articles, text-books, newspapers and white paper reports on the proliferation of unauthorized weapons in Nigeria, this study examines the failure of state institutions in regulating the proliferation of weapons in Nigeria and its imacts on state-building in Nigeria. Analyses of the study are rooted in assumptions of the failed state theory. Major findings revealed that the proliferation of unauthorized weapons in Nigeria critically exacerbate the humanitarian crisis bedeviling Nigeria and the country’s efforst to state-building. The study concludes that the proliferation of unauthorized weapons accounts for the unabated destruction of lives and property in Nigeria, thereby obfuscating the consolidation of democratic processes and institutions in the country. The study recommends that Nigerian borders should be effectively manned by relevant security agencies, and patriotism should be appropriately rewarded, celebrated and encouraged in the country.

Author Biography 

ANAHUM Uriah Pheeyamila

AGBOR Anthony Odo

EMMANUEL Jikini

Department of Sociology,

Federal University Wukari, Taraba State, Nigeria

uriapheel@gmail.com

tajdgood@gmail.com

jikiniemmanuel2019@gmail.com

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Effective Political Leadership and Service Delivery in Chanchaga and Lapai Local Government Areas, Niger State, Nigeria

MOHAMMED Idris Danjuma, LAWAL Yusuf Birisan, SALAHU Olayinka Moshood

Keyswords: Leadership, strategic planning, service delivery, managerial skills

Abstract 

Globally, service delivery is crucial in improving human lives and a formidable measure of assessing the performance of any leadership or government. In the past decades, several efforts have been put in place by the Niger State Government in strengthening capacity to promote service delivery at both the State and Local Government levels. However, in Chanchaga and Lapai Local Government Areas of Niger State, empirical evidences showed low strategic planning experience and lack of managerial skills in the Councils. Thus, this study assesses the impact of political leadership on service delivery in Chanchaga and Lapai Local Government Areas, Niger State. The study depended on both primary and secondary sources of data collection. Quantitative data were analyzed through descriptive and inferential techniques. Qualitative data were thematically analyzed. The study’s results established that leader’s strategic planning experience significantly affected service delivery in Chanchaga and Lapai Local Government Areas. The study also affirmed that managerial skills among the leaders affected service delivery in Chanchaga and Lapai Local Government Areas. The study then recommends that there is need to strengthen strategic planning experience among present and future leaders in Chanchaga and Lapai Local Governments for better result (efficient service delivery) in order to be fair and responsive to public needs and demands. More so, political leaders should be trained and motivated to apply the skills of management for effective service delivery in Chanchaga and Lapai Local Governments.

Author Biography

MOHAMMED Idris Danjuma

LAWAL Yusuf Birisan

SALAHU Olayinka Moshood

Department of Politics and Governance

Kwara State University Malete Kwara State Nigeria mohammed.idris@kwasu.edu.ng

danjuma1986@gmail.com

moshoodsalahu@gmail.com

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Complicating Role of Bandits Informants in the Fight Against Banditry in Zamfara State, Nigeria

Gerald E. Ezirim, Naziru Haruna, Fada Doupere Paul, Stanley Terkumbur Humbe

Keywords: Insecurity, bandits, informants, security, arms

Abstract 

The security forces and several willing individuals are strategizing to combat the menace of armed bandits in Zamfara State, Nigeria. However, some criminally-minded individuals in the state are crippling the efforts by providing information and other logistics to armed bandits. This development is a threat to national security and the effort to combat banditry in Zamfara State, Nigeria. Thus, this study investigates the role play by bandits-informants in the persistence of banditry in Zamfara State, Nigeria. The study used survey and documentary method of data collection and quantitative data were analyzed using simple descriptive techniques, while qualitative data were content analyzed. The study adopted the queer ladder theory (QLT) that holds that organized crime is an instrument for social climbing or socio-economic advancement. The study findings indicate that bandits-informants in Zamfara State, Nigeria supply information on security raids, attacks or counter attacks, food items, fuel, sale of stolen properties, arms and ammunitions supply, information revealing wealthy targets. The paper concludes that activities of bandits-informants are complicating ongoing efforts to combat banditary in Zamfara State, Nigeria. The paper recommends that traditional leaders, religious leaders, NGOs, members of the press and willing individuals should embark on awareness creation within communities in the State on the danger of being informants to bandits.

Author Biography 

Gerald E. Ezirim, Ph.D.

Department of Political Science

University of Nigeria, Nsukka

ezirim@unn.edu,ng

Naziru Haruna

Department of Political Science,

Gombe State University, Gombe

naziruharunagis@gmail.com

Fada Doupere Paul

Department of Political Science,

Federal University Otuoke, Bayelsa State

kingdoupez83@gmail.com

Stanley Terkumbur Humbe

Department of Political Science,

University of Nigeria Nsukka, Enugu State - Nigeria

stanleyhumbe@gmail.com

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Development and Peace Education in a Militarized Democracy

Godwin Etta Odok

Keywords: Culture of peace, violence, kin networks, democracy, security, education

Abstract 

Peace education pertinently seeks to instill values, knowledge, attitudes, skills, and behaviours that ensure harmony with oneself, others and the natural environment. In this way, peace education is critical in creating a democratic culture that prevents violence and ensures development within society. Across the different regions of Nigeria, there are recurrences of extreme violence with the rise of ethnic militia groups that enjoy the support of kinfolks. Drawing from interviewed-based case studies in Benue, Taraba, and Katsina States, Nigeria, this paper discusses failures of national security strategies in prioritizing peace-building within contexts of local participation and indigenous systems of power and development. Findings culminate to establish that the absence of indigenous peace-building priorities in Nigeria’s national security and development strategies reinforce violent worldviews and orientations in Nigerian politics and development efforts. Consequently, peace education remains the preferable option for mobilizing for effective security and peace-building in Nigeria’s post-1999 democracy as peace education holds potentials in entrenching a peace-based worldview and culture. Thus, peace education contents and development planning in a democratic Nigeria should integrate and pay equal attention to all aspects and dimensions of the moral, psychological, social, economic, political and transcendent spiritual foundations of development and peace without devaluing, ignoring local experiences of peace and development.

Author Biography 

Godwin Etta Odok

Department of Sociology

Federal University Wukari, Taraba State, Nigeria

godwinodok2000@yahoo.com

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Policy Intentions of Currency Swap in Nigeria

Ibrahim Salihu Kombo

Keywords: Corruption, currency, policy, economy, naira

Abstract 

Recently, the Nigerian Federal Government introduced new denominations of #200, #500 and #1000 notes into circulation. This introduction stirred large-scale uncertainities within the political, social and economic spheres in manners that the policy intentions of this currency swap appear speculative among Nigerians. Through a systematic review of secondary data sources, this paper examines the primary intents of the currency swap policy and how this currency swap aligns with the Federal Government’s fight against corruption and determination to re-structure the nation’s economy. The system theory forms the theoretical lens of this paper. Major findings established that the policy intentions of the currency swap policy focused on fighting corruption in Nigeria. Findings also recognized that fighting corruption in Nigeria is not an easy job, but with sincerity of motives displayed with placing the right people for the job and appropriate legislations made, the currency swap policy can effectively fight corrupt in Nigeria. The paper concludes that the success of the currency swap policy depends on the effectiveness of government mechanisms to efficiently revitalize state institutions in Nigeria to be accountable in their operations. The paper recommends that there should be an adequate articulation and appraisal of policy intents before such policies are roll- out for implementation in Nigeria.

Author Biography 

Ibrahim Salihu Kombo

Department of Political Science,

IBB University Lapai, Niger state

ibrahimsalihukombo@gmail.com.

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Dynamics of Post-Cold War and Changing Global Political Economy

Ikenna Ukpabi Unya, Christopher Ike Uhere, Kelechi Unya Okocha

Keywords: Cold war, global politics, political economy, Soviet Union, isolationism

Abstract 

The erstwhile Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) and the United States of America emerged from the Second World War of 1945 as two dominant World’s superpower nations. The Union began a power grab for supremacy in Eastern Europe. The West led by the United States of America began frantically to defend their interests from the threats posed by the communist expansion. This power tussle, in the history of warfare, is referred to as the Cold War, and resulted in most of Eastern Europe coming under the control of the communist Soviet Union. This paper examines the historical origin of the Cold War, highlighting the impact of the collapse of the Soviet Union on the global political economy. The study relied on secondary sources which include books, journal articles and internet materials. The study’s findings indicate that the collapse of the Soviet Union is not the end of the communist regime globally, as China benefited from the collapse in the sense that it has enabled China to modernize and integrate the economic models of the West. The paper concludes that the current Russian and Ukrainian war has linkage to the collapse of the Soviet Union and this is altering geopolitical dynamics across the world with immediate and remote effects on national economies. Consequently, the disintegration of the Soviet Union should teach global political leaders that political and economic reforms should not be dependent on external powers.

Author Biography 

Ikenna Ukpabi Unya, PhD

History Unit, School of General Studies

Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Umuahia, Abia State bismarckaik@gmail.com

Christopher Ike Uhere, PhD

Department of Social Science,

Akanu Ibiam Federal Polytechnic, Unwana Afikpo, Ebonyi State cuhere.unwanapoly@gmail.com

Kelechi Unya Okocha

Social Science Education (Political Science option), Faculty of Education

University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nsukka, Enugu State

professorunya@gmail.com

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An Assessment of Morphological Features of Dongol Stream in Kashere Watershed, Gombe State, Nigeria

Songu, G.A., Abu, R.D, Thlakma, S.R. Maikano, E.T.

Keywords: Dongol stream, Morphological features, Kashere Watershed, perimeter

Abstract 

This paper examined the morphological features of Dongol stream in Kashere watershed area to determine their influence on the nearby environment. Data emerged through direct field observation and measurements involving survey equipment such as measuring tape, Global Positioning System, ranging poles and camera. Morphological parameters measured include stream length, depth, width, boulders, pools, riffles, wetted and dry perimeters of the stream. The descriptive statistic (mean) showed variation in the data, why the Pearson’s Product Moment correlation statistic evaluated the relationship between the morphological parameters of the stream. Results of the study show that the mean depth of the Dongol stream is 4.77m and the mean width is 36.48m. The Dongol stream is considered to be moderately deep around Kashere area, with a wide top width. With the increasing width of the stream, this threatens nearby cultivated farmlands thereby leading to loss of reparian vegetation along the stream banks. The stream has a lower mean wetted perimeter (11.96m) than the mean dried perimeter (24.33m). The study concludes that the stream drier part is larger, thereby influencing small amount of water available for usage in the stream for agricultural and domestic purposes. Also, the pools, riffles, sand bars and boulders observed do influenced siltation in the stream, thus impacting negatively on the stream depth and flow pattern of the stream. The study recommends that vegetation should be planted along Dongol river banks to help reduce siltation, stream bank erosion and mass wasting for enhanced stream bank stabilisation and environmental sustainability.

Author Biography

Songu, G.A., 

Abu, R.D, 

Thlakma, S.R. 

Maikano, E.T. 

Department of Geography, 

Federal University of Kashere, Gombe State, Nigeria. 

Email of corresponding author: godwinsongu22@gmail.com

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Depression and Turnover Intention as Outcome of Work Stress Among SME’s Sales Representatives in Jalingo Metropolis, Taraba State, Nigeria

Okpamen Osariemen Kelly, Stephen Simon Anshir, Hemba Tersoo Theophilus

Keywords: Depression, Turnover Intention, Work Stress, Sales Representatives, Jalingo

Abstract 

Depression, major depressive disorder, is a medical illness that negatively affects how a person feels, thinks and acts. It is the feeling of sadness and loss of interest in a formerly enjoyed activity. This study examines the role of work stress as predictor of depression and turnover intention among small and medium-scale enterprises (SME’s) Sales Representatives in Jalingo metropolis. The study employed a cross-sectional survey design. Samples of 310 participants were selected through convenient sampling techniques comprising of 165 males and 144 females. Three standardized instruments: the Depression scale (CES-D), Workplace Stress Scale (WSS), and Turnover Intention Scale (TIS) were used for data collection. The result shows that work stress is a negatively significant predictor of depression at work among sales represenatatives in Jalingo metropolis. Also, work stress is a positive predictor of intention to leave. The study concludes that work stress if not minimized, can lead to depression of sales representative and hinder them from performing their duties more effective and efficiently. And high level of work stress can lead to contemplation of turnover intention decision among employees working as frontline sales representatives for small and medium scale enterprises in Jalingo metropolis of Taraba State, Nigeria.

Author Biography

Okpamen Osariemen Kelly

Federal University Wukari, Taraba State, Nigeria

kellyokpamen@gmail.com

Stephen Simon Anshir

Department of Psychology,

Federal University Lafia, Nasarawa State, Nigeria

anshirstephen@gmail.com

Hemba Tersoo Theophilus

Department of Psychology,

Benue State University, Makurdi

hembatersoo@gmail.com

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Implications of Irregular Migration on National Security in Nigeria

Jummai Ometere AYENI, Irmiya Thomas USMAN, Manasseh Paul MAICHIKI, Shadrack Terengson DANBABA

Keywords: Ilegal migrants, human security, borders, threats, political will

Abstract 

Nigeria faces severe security threats particularly link to the activities of illegal migrants. These have attracted attention from scholars, policy makers and security analysts. These threats to national security include activities of Boko Haram, as well as incidences of piracy and maritime insecurity in the Gulf of Guinea. This paper discusses irregular migration and its implication on national security in Nigeria. The paper relied on relevant secondary sources of data collection. The securitization theory forms the theoretical framework wherein analyses in this paper occurred. The theory assumes that threats and vulnerabilities can arise in many different areas, military and non- military, but in order to count as security threats, such threats must meet strictly defined criteria that distinguish them from the normal happenings of mere politics. The study’s findings recognized that irregular migrants in Nigeria do cause both national and human insecurity and the Federal Government seldom imposes ad hoc measures through which entry points are blocked and illegal immigrants are expelled from the country. The paper concludes that irregular migration persists in Nigeria because there is no political will to impose adequate security across Nigeria’s international borders; and also, there is the lack of political will to effectively implement the national security strategy. The paper recommends that the Federal Government should securitize the issue of irregular migration beyond the normal happenings of mere politics. Thus, border security threats should be treated as existential threats to both national and human security in Nigeria.

Author Biography

Jummai Ometere AYENI

Department of Political Science and International Studies

Amadu Bello University, Zaria-Nigeria

mmayeni64@gmail.com

Irmiya Thomas USMAN

Department of Political Science and International Studies

Amadu Bello University, Zaria-Nigeria

jerryusman88@gmail.com

Manasseh Paul MAICHIKI

Distance Learning Centre,

Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria-Nigeria-Nigeria.

maichikimanasseh@gmail.com

Shadrack Terengson DANBABA

Department of Political Science,

Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences,

Gombe State University

danbabatereng78@gsu.edu.ng

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Students’ Activism and Institutional Governance in Nigerian Universities

Abdullahi Abiodun Oyekanmi, Adeola Aderayo Adebajo Afeez, Kolawole Shittu

Keywords: Activism, higher institution, unionism, students protest, students’ affairs

Abstract 

Students’ activism and protests have assumed a global dimension due to varying challenges in educational governance within larger political strata of nation-states. This paper interrogates the relationship between students’ activism and institutional governance in Nigerian universities, attempting to explain how this relationship reinforces academic excellence and effective leadership in Nigerian Universities. The study relied on a systematic review of secondary data. The study adopted critical mass theory as its theoretical framework. The study’s findings iterate that students’ activism and protests are products of higher institutional failure and poor leadership within Nigerian Universities. The paper concludes that as long as there is a disconnection between students’ expectations on education and institutional governance, there would always be tension and conflict within the Nigerian University system. Thus, the study recommends for the reconfiguration of students’ affairs units of all tertiary institutions with individuals who are more receptive to students’ psychology, empathy and clear understanding of important nuances around students’ movements, needs and priorities. Also, having past students’ union leaders as Dean and Students’ Affairs Officers will reinforce students’ trust in the tertiary institutions management and offer brightest opportunities to nip any crisis at the bud.

Author Biography

Abdullahi Abiodun Oyekanmi

Adeola Aderayo Adebajo

Department of Political Science,

Tai Solarin University of Education Ijagun, Ogun State, Nigeria oyekanmiabdullahi655@gmail.com adebajoaa@tasued.edu.ng 

Afeez Kolawole Shittu

Department of Political Science,

Federal College of Education (Special) Oyo, Nigeria shittu.afeez2450@fcesoyo.edu.ng

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Education and Class Stratification in Nigeria

Agwadu Lhebade

Keywords: Educational access, class, exploitation, capitalism, inequality

Abstract 

This paper examines the nexus between education and class stratification in Nigeria through the Marxian theoretical lenses. The paper argues that education is a critical component of human progress; regrettably, colonialism codified and perpetuated class divides in Nigeria in manners that underlying structures and patterns of material production and distribution in the country have deprived a great majority of persons in the country to attain education. This has also bequeathed unequal distributions of rights and powers among and between distinct groups in the Nigerian society. Data was collected through primary and secondary sources. Findings established that education in Nigeria creates and maintains classes by restricting access to certain forms of knowledge to a confined group of individuals while denying others access. Education offers different kinds of knowledge to different people thereby preparing them unequally for different roles in society. The paper concludes that education creates and maintains a class structure in Nigeria that promotes inquality. The paper recommends that Nigeria should review its educational policies to make room for wider access at all levels of education.

Author Biography

Agwadu, Lhebade

Department of Political Science,

Federal University Wukari, Nigeria.

agwadu@fuwukari.edu.ng

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Analyzing The Relationship Between Digitalization and Economic Growth in Nigeria Using Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) Model

Nekenneri Jerome JAIMU, Barka Ishaya DABARI, Mathias Mathew MADU, Oluwaseun Adeniran SUNDAY

Keywords: Digitalization, economic growth, financial services, globalization, CBN

Abstract 

This paper examines the relationship between digitalization and economic growth in Nigeria between 2012Q3 to 2020Q4 using the Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) approach. The rapid growth in information communication technologies (ICT) and the use of cellular technology in the expansion of digital financial transactions in Nigeria complicate undrstandings on how these have contributed to economic growth in the country. Thus, this study analyzed internet subscriptions and gross fixed capital formation data from telecommunications quarterly reports of the Nigerian Bureau of Statistics. Also, data on real gros domestic product (GDP), ICT contribution to GDP and digital financial services were sourced from the Central Bank of Nigeria statistics database. Empirical findings of this study revealed that there is a long-run relationship between digitalization and economic growth in Nigeria. Likewise, a long-run positive relationship was found between internet subscriptions, digital financial services, gross fixed capital formation and ICT contribution to GDP. However, the magnitude of the impact of digital financial services is low traceable to the slow pace at which the Nigerian population is adopting digital technologies and the diminished trust in digital financial services arising from the activities of Ponzi schemes. The study concludes that there is a positive relationship between digitalization and economic growth in Nigeria. Hence, targeted financial literacy campaigns should be carried out by financial institutions, Central Bank of Nigeria and civil society organizations to enable people better understand and make use of digital financial services that suit their needs and also increase their trust in these services.

Author Biography 

Nekenneri Jerome JAIMU

Barka Ishaya DABARI

Mathias Mathew MADU

Department of Cooperative Economics and Management,

Adamawa State Polytechnic,Yola

Oluwaseun Adeniran SUNDAY

Department of Economics, Federal University Wukari

Correspondence: jeromejaimu@gmail.com

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Public Relations and Communication Strategies for Promoting Tsangaya (Almajiri) Education in Nigeria

Suleiman Garba, Abraham Habu Ekpo

Keywords: Almajiri, communication strategy, education, public relations, tsangaya

Abstract 

The Tsangaya education system, also known as the Almajiri system, is a traditional Islamic education system in Nigeria that faces significant challenges such as inadequate funding, infrastructure and negative societal attitudes towards the Almajiris. Effective communication and engagement strategies with key stakeholders are essential to address these challenges and promote the system's benefits. This prescriptive study examines the present state of communication strategies and public relations in Nigeria for promoting the Tsangaya education system and presents recommendations for enhancing these strategies. Findings suggest that various public relations and communication strategies such as media relations, crisis management, collaboration, and education are effective in addressing the challenges faced by the system, creating awareness among stakeholders, and building goodwill for the system. The study concludes that effective communication and engagement strategies with key stakeholders are essential to addressing the problems challenging Tsangaya education in Nigeria. Thus, the study recommends that policymakers and educational stakeholders adopt effective communication and public relations strategies to promote the Tsangaya education system and improve its quality, ultimately contributing to Nigeria's socio-economic development.

Author Biography

Suleiman Garba

Department of Mass Communication,

Nasarawa State University, Keffi

suleimangarba22@gmail.com

Abraham Habu Ekpo

Information and Protocol Unit,

Nasarawa State University, Keffi

abrahamekpo76@gmail.com

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Impact of Education and Health Expenditures on Human Capital Development in Kaduna State, Nigeria

BOGNET Alfred Cyprain, Peter Adamu, Elisha Menson, Peter P. Njiforti

Keywords: Human capital, education, health, budget, Kaduna

Abstract

The growth and development of any nation depend on how well its human capital is being developed in terms of government spending in education and health. However, it is not yet clear on the extent to which Kaduna State Government expenditures on health and education over the years have boosted the human capital development in the State. For instance, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) have insisted that 26% of the annual budgets of a government should be allocated to education. This study therefore examines Kaduna State Government’s expenditures on education and health between the years 1990 to 2019, and how these impact human capital development in the State. The study used primary school enrollment data and these were analyzed through the lens of autoregressive distribution lag (ARDL) Model. The study’s results revealed that in the long-run, education expenditures have significant positive impact on human capital development in Kaduna State, while health expenditures of Kaduna State Government has insignificant positive impact on human capital development in the State. Overall, in the short-run, both education and health expenditures of the Kaduna State Government have positive and significant impact on human capital development in the State. The study concludes that Kaduna State Government expenditures on education and health contribute significantly to the growth of human capital development in the State. The study recommends that the Kaduna State Government neeed to further increase budgetary allocations to education and health in order to ensure continuous boost of human capital development (HCD).

Author Biography 

BOGNET Alfred Cyprain

Kaduna State Planning and Budget Commission

Kaduna, Kaduna State, Nigeria

alfredbognet7@gmail.com

Peter Adamu (PhD)

Economics Department, Kaduna State University,

Kaduna, Nigeria

peter.adamu@kasu.edu.ng; peteradamu@gmail.com

Auta Elisha Menson (PhD)

Economics Department, Kaduna State University, Kaduna autaelisham@gmail.com

Prof Peter P. Njiforti

Economics Department, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria

njifortica@yahoo.com ppnjiforti@abu.edu.ng

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Assessment of Foreign Aids and Economic Development during President Muhammadu Buhari’s Democratic Government

Usamotu Basheer Olalere, Kareem Alidu Olatunji

Keywords: Foreign aids, Buhari, IMF, World Bank, democracy

Abstract 

Since the nation’s independence in 1960, successive Nigerian governments have been accessing foreign aids and loans. With the return of democracy to Nigeria in 1999, this paved the way for the country to access more aids and loans in order to better the lives of its citizens. The Muhammadu Buhari’s government is not an exception. Since Buhari came back to power in 2015 as the democratic president of Nigeria, he has been making efforts to attract grants and aids from developed countries and financial institutions. However, it is still unclear to what extent these aids and grants have yielded expected results of improving living standards for ordinary Nigerians. Adopting the modernization and dependency theories, this paper assesses how President Buhari’s received foreign aids and grants impact on economic growth and development in Nigeria. The paper relied on secondary sources for data collection. Findings established that President Muhammadu Buhari accessed foreign aids and grants majorly through international financial institutions and developed western countries. The paper concludes that Buhari’s democratic government misused foreign aids and this negatively impacted on economic growth and development in Nigeria. The paper recommends that Nigerian democratic governments must be aware that foreign aids and grants are not to be seen as mere demonstration of benevolence to Nigeria by international financial institutions and western donor countries. Rather, foreign aids should be considered as a business affair in their intent and content. Hence, the Nigerian government must design and structure mechanisms for coping with the conditional ties attached to foreign aids and grants, rather than complain of their aftermaths.

Author Biography

Usamotu Basheer Olalere

The Department of Political Science and Int’l Relations,

Faculty of the Social Sciences,

College of Management and Social Sciences,

Osun State University, Osogbo.

amobiolalere@gmail.com; basheer.usamotu@uniosun.edu.ng

Dr. Kareem Alidu Olatunji

Department of Sociology, Federal University Wukari, Taraba State, Nigeria alidukareem@gmail.com

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Prospects and Challenges of Development Agenda for Western Nigeria

Gafar Idowu AYODEJI, Raphael Iseoluwa OLAYINKA, Emmanuel Temitope ABIODUN

Keywords: Federalism, integration, regional autonomy, restructuring

Abstract 

This paper examines the prospects and challenges of the Development Agenda for Western Nigeria (DAWN) in achieving regional autonomy and integration in the South-Western region of Nigeria. The paper relied on the cooperative federalism theoretical framework to argue that present federalism-based governance architectures in Nigeria are failing. This has resulted in mismanagement of the country’s economic fortunes leading to difficulty in providing basic social sercices for the wellbeing of the majority of the population. As a consequence, the South-Western States of Nigeria are forming alliances to consolidate their integration and autonomy in order to bring meaningful development to the region. Findings of the study through which data of this paper emerged indicate that in spite of the expected challenges, restructuring towards regional integration within the south-west region have potentials of bringing about the needed regional development. Findings also show that the autonomy of south-western States is possible and will lead to socio-economic development when political leaders in the region handle the development of the region with sincerity of purpose. Thus, the paper recommends the proper engagement and enlightenment of citizens in the region through necessary engagements such as dialogue, social media networking and other available means.

Author Biography

Gafar Idowu AYODEJI, Ph.D., LL.B

Raphael Iseoluwa OLAYINKA

Department of Political Science,

Tai Solarin University of Education Ijagun, Ogun State, Nigeria. 

Emails: ayodejigi@tasued.edu.ng, olayinkaiseoluwa@gmail.com 

Emmanuel Temitope ABIODUN

Sikiru Adetona College of Education, Science Technology, Omu-Ijebu, Ogun State, Nigeria

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